People who just started to learn Spring framework is often confused by the term "Inversion of Control" (IoC) which can be achieved through "Dependency Injection" (DI).
DI is a way of providing the dependencies (e.g. creating objects and its dependencies), wiring components into application. In Spring, those objects defined and instantiated by Spring containers then inject into application are called Spring Beans.
IoC is a concept, it means to create instances of dependencies first, the concept is usually achieved by using metadata-driven approach to assemble instances at runtime. IoC is the end result of DI. However, DI is not the only way to achieve IoC. For example, Workday's XpressO is a great example of metadata-driven development to achieve IoC.
Here are some more good explanations:
Inversion of Control (IoC) means to create instances of dependencies first and latter instance of a class (optionally injecting them through constructor), instead of creating an instance of the class first and then the class instance creating instances of dependencies. Thus, inversion of control inverts the flow of control of the program. Instead of the callee controlling the flow of control (while creating dependencies), the caller controls the flow of control of the program.
IoC is a programming technique, expressed here in terms of object-oriented programming, in which object coupling is bound at run time by an assembler object and is typically not known at compile time using static analysis.
IoC is a common pattern in the Java community that helps wire lightweight containers or assemble components from different projects into a cohesive application.
Spring helps in the creation of loosely coupled applications because of Dependency Injection.
Leave a Reply.